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Maroth State

Maroth (मारोठ) is a place situated in Nawan tehsil of Nagaur District in India. It is approximately 11 km away from Nawan & 11 km away from the Kuchaman Road railway station. It is a place of archaeological interest for tourists coming from different parts of the world. The Maroth Fort belonged to the ancestors of the erstwhile royal family of Jiliya, which was a First Class Sirayat of the Princely State of Jodhpur.
The Rathore Rajpoots trace their origins to Rama, the hero of the epic Ramayana, and thence to the Sun.The son of Rao Duda (fourth son of Rao Jodha, founder of Jodhpur, and his wife Rani Chauhaniji), Thakur Raghunath Singh, established the Five Magnificent Forts in Maroth near Nawa/Nawan (better known as Panchmahal Maroth).
The Raghunathsinghot branch of the Mertia Rathores is named after him.
The Rulers of Panchmahal Maroth, Jiliya were:
Thakur RAGHUNATH SINGH,
Established the Five Magnificent Forts in Maroth, better known as Panchmahal Maroth
Thakur VIJAY SINGH (eldest son, Vijaysinghot branch of Mertia Rathores)
Thakur BAGH SINGH
Thakur NAHAR SINGH
Thakur SHER SINGH
Thakur BAKHTAWAR SINGH
Thakur BIJAY SINGH
Title

The Title of the rulers “Tazeem Naresh” is derived from the Urdu word Tazeem (Tazim) meaning Respect or Honour, which describes their special position as a Tazimi Thikana in the Princely State of Jodhpur or Marwar; and Naresh meaning “King” or “Maharaja” or “Raja”.
Meera Bai

Mertia Rathore Princess Meera Bai, (मीराबाई) was the grand-daughter of Rao Duda (fourth son of Rao Jodha, founder of the Princely State of Jodhpur). She was born circa 1498, and got married to the Crown Prince of Mewar Yuvaraj Bhojraj Singh eldest son of Rana Sanga at the age of 18 years and died at the age of 50 years. She was an aristocratic Hindu mystical singer and devotee of Lord Krishna being one of the most significant figures of the Sant tradition of the Vaishnava bhakti movement, having contributed around 1300 prayerful songs (bhajans) which are popular throughout India and have been published in several translations worldwide. Her love for Lord Krishna resulted into wide criticism by her in-laws.

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Chauhan in Maroth

Chauhan, Chouhan or Chohan – is a clan who ruled parts of northern India in the Middle Ages.The clan is famous for Maharaja Prithviraj Chauhan, who defeated Mohammad Ghori in the First Battle of Tarain..
Chauhan, Chouhan or Chohan (Hindi: चौहान), (Gujarati:ચૌહાણ), (Punjabi:ਚੌਹਾਨ) – is a clan who ruled parts of northern India in the Middle Ages. The clan is famous for Maharaja Prithviraj Chauhan, who defeated Mohammad Ghori in the First Battle of Tarain, Ghori was captured in this battle but his life was spared by Maharaja Prithviraj Chauhan. However, in another invasion, Ghori was able to defeat the Chauhan king in the second battle also fought in the plains of Tarain.The Chauhan clan is predominantly of Rajputs and has been also been found in Jats, and Gurjars as well.

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Samantas of Chauhans

1. Yaudheya or Johya’s – Many branches of Yaudheyas ruled in western Rajasthan. Samprati Maurya, son of Ashoka, was ruler of this area. He defeated Yaudheyas in Shekhawati region who moved to northern parts of Bikaner such as Sindharani, Maroth etc, where they lived for a long period. Vigraharaja’s maternal uncle Simbal was Yaudheya ruler of Maroth and was Senapati as well as samanta of Chauhans. One of queens of Prithviraj Chauhan was Yaudheya. They were later on called Johiyas.

2. Dahiya (Dahima) of Parbatsar – In an inscription year v.s. 1056 (999 AD) found in Kevay Mata temple in village Kinsariya in Marwar region Dahima Jats and Dahima Yaduvanshi Ahirs have been recorded as descendents of rishi Dadhichi. Chachcha Rana had got constructed this temple here. Chachcha Rana’s son Udharan was a great warrior and Parbatsar and Maroth were in his Jagir. His son was Vilhan – jagirdar ofMaroth. One of the queens of Prithviraj Chauhan was Dahiyani.

3. Dahiyas of Maroth – We get three names of Dahiya Jats of Maroth: Kadavarao (कड़वाराव), PadmaSingh and Jayant Singh. During the reign of Prithviraj Chauhan, one of the samanta rebelled and the jagir was given to Gauds. The Jats of Karwasraand Karwa have originated from Kadavarao.

4.Mauryas – Samprati Maurya, son of Ashoka, was ruler of Rajasthan. Samprati constructed many forts in Rajasthan. Famous fort is that of Kumbhalgarh. On ruins of this fort Maharana Kumbha constructed present historical fort. Samprati constructed a fort in jahajpur also. Many branches of Mauryas ruled in Rajasthan. Mauryas defeated Yaudheyas in Shekhawati region who moved to northern parts of Bikaner such as Sindharani, Maroth etc, where they lived for a long period. The Maurya samantas of Prithviraj were Bhima Maurya, Saran Maurya, Madalrai Maurya and Mukundrai Maurya.

5. Gauds – They were rulers in Gond bangale, where they founded Lakhnoti city. Bachharaj was awarded jagir near Ajmerand Waman was given Maroth. this area is still known as Godati.

Thakur Raghunath Singh fought various battles with Maharaja Jaswant Singh of Marwar(1629-1680) and Durga Das Rathore, son of a General in military of Marwar. During the battle of Dharmat (year 1715 of Vikram Samvat) Thakur RAGHUNATH SINGH conquered ‘Maroth’ Pargana from the Gaur Rulers and in A.D. 1658 established an independentMaroth State having around 155-160 villages, thus their descendends are popularly called as ‘Gaurati Nath’ meaning the ruler of the land of the Gaur rajputs. He received the Title of RAJA and Mansab of 500 Horses from Mughal Emperor Shahjahan.

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Raja Raghunath Singh of Maroth

Tazim Naresh RAJA RAGHUNATH SINGH established the Five Magnificent Forts in Maroth, better known asPanch Mahal Maroth. and his 5 sons took one fort each and established five Princely Thikanas in the nearby area of Nagaur, namely Minda, Abhaypura (Jiliya), Narayanpura, Panchota and Bhanwata. Kunwar Kishore Singh, the son of youngest Rani, was not given any share (thikana or fort). He became the ancestor of the Thakurs of Kuchaman (Kuchaman City), Bhagwanpura . He assisted Maharaja Abhay Singh of Jodhpur (1724-1749), and his son Thakur Zalim Singh established Thikana Kuchaman. Kuchaman’s second last ruler Thakur Hari Singh (1919-1956), born 1912, educated at Mayo College, Ajmer, was given the title of RAJA in 1931 by Maharaja Sir Umaid Singh of Jodhpur (1918-1947), born 1903, educated at Mayo College, Ajmer.

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Five Thikanas of Maroth

The Five sons of Raja Raghunath Singh established 5 Thikanas in Nagaur around Maroth and each took a palace in Maroth. Their title is ‘Tazim Naresh of Panch Mahal Maroth’.
Thikana Minda(seniormost) – in the East of Maroth, near Mendhawa river.
Thikana Abhaypura (Jiliya) – Took equal share with Minda, later reduced to 12 villages. Towards the North-West of Maroth.Jiliya Fort (गढ़) is presently the residence of the erstwhile royal family of Jiliya.
Thikana Narayanpura – 12 villages, to the South-West of Maroth, near Kuchaman Railway Station.
Thikana Panchota
Thikana Bhanwata – 31 villages

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Rulers of Jadawata

Thakur Lakhteer Singh of Thikana Jadawata went to battle with Maharaja Madho Singh of Jaipur(Amber) (1880/1922) and got Gangadwari village near Bandikui as prize. He married and had issue, one son.
Thakur Kishan Singh ji, married Ladariya Thikana (Jodhpur), married and had issue, two sons.
Pane Singh (qv)
Gopal singh
Thakur Sahib Pane Singh, famous for mastery in the of Ancient Indian Vedic and Medicinal Knowledge and the art of Puppetry, married Kesar Kanwar Baisa of Thikana Dobri and had issue, three daughters.
Ba-Sahiba Baijilal UMAID Kanwar Baisa, married Thakursa of Kumana, a Princely Thikana of 14 Villages located at Lunkaransar Tehsil of Bikaner District of Rajasthan.
Ba-Sahiba SAUBHAGYA Kanwar Baisa married to the Thakursa of Princely Thikana Narayanpura of Nagaur District of Rajasthan. (Narayanpura Fort, Kuchaman Block, Nagaur, Rajasthan)
Ba-Sahiba LAD Kanwar Baisa, married Thakur Sahib Bijay Singhji Rathore, Tazeem Naresh of Panch Mahal Maroth, Princely Thikana JiliyaAbhaypura (14 villages) of Nagaur District in Rajasthan. (Jiliya Fort, Nagaur, Rajasthan)
Thakur Gopal Singh (qv), married firstlyMayapur Thikana of Marwar, married secondly Cheevli Thikana of Jaipur, and had issue, 7 sons and 2 daughters.

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Abhaypura

Abhaypura was one of the 24 villages in the Princely Thikana Abhaypura of Marwar which is now called as Thikana Jiliya and has 14 villages.
The rulers of Abhaypura or Jiliya are the descendents of the Mertia Rathore ruler Rao Duda, the 4th son of Rao Jodha and his wife Rani Chauhanji of Jalore. Rao Duda, born 15th June 1440 at Mandaur. Rao Duda established the independent State of Merta in year 1518 of Vikram Samvat (A.D. 1461) by conquering the Merta region from the Khilji Badshah of Mandu.
His descendent Raja Raghunath Singh established the Five Magnificent Forts in Maroth near Nawan (better known as Panch Mahal Maroth), married and had issue, eight sons (three died young), the Raghunathsinghot branch of the Mertia Rathores. During the battle of Dharmat (year 1715 of Vikram Samvat) he conquered Maroth Pargana from the Gaur Rajputs, and in A.D. 1658 established an independent Maroth State having around 155-160 villages, thus popularly called as ‘Gaurati Nath’ (Lord of the Land of Gaurs); he received the Title of RAJA and Mansab of 500 Horses from Mughal Emperor Shahjahan. At the time of Rathore – Mughal struggle when Aurangzeb was promoting anti-hindu and inhuman activities like large scale infant killings, cow-slaughter and temple destruction in Marwar, he fought with him to protect the people, hindu culture and religion. In Maroth State, he gave land to all on secular principles to promote trade and agriculture and liberated common man. For his 5 sons he established five magnificent palaces and five Thikanas in Maroth

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